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New Testament Survey

Doctrine



A Comment or Two About
Doctrine

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What we refer to as doctrine is a concept which occurs both in the Old and New Testaments. The Hebrew word translated “doctrine” conveys the idea of “what is received” (Deut 32:2; Job 11:4; Prov 4:2; Isa 29:24). The intent of this usage is to understand that God has revealed to mankind a body of teaching. In the Old Testament this body is usually referred to as “law.”

There are two words translated as doctrine on the New Testament. One, didaskalia, is used to refer to the teachings of the Pharisees (Matt 15:9; Mark 7:7). It is also used in Colossians, Ephesians, and the Pastoral Epistles. The context of its use shows this word expresses both the act and content of the teaching involved. A second Greek word, didache, is used more often. It, too, conveys the idea of both the act and / or content of teaching. In general, this teaching in biblical terms means the revelation of God which is to be used as the standard of one’s beliefs.

Doctrine, then, is the teaching revealed through the Bible which is to be the standards of our understanding of all the Bible teaches. It is important that we, as students of the Bible, understand what God is trying to teach us. This applies to many different topics. There are, indeed, mini-doctrines within larger doctrines. As such, while the formation and teaching of doctrine might be viewed as belonging to a systematic theology study, I have attempted to highlight in abbreviated form many of these doctrines. By viewing these in the contexts of their revelation, you may be better able to understand the intent behind the teachings.

Doctrines which are covered in mini-form and the general location where the explanations of the doctrine will be found are as follows:

Doctrines in the New Testament
Doctrine/BookDoctrine/BookDoctrine/Book

Adoption - Ephesians

Anti-Christ - 2 Thessalonians

Assurance - John’s Epistles

Atonement - Romans

Christology - Ephesians

Church - Matthew, Ephesians

Covenants - Introduction

Day of the Lord - 2 Thessalonians

Day of Christ - 2 Thessalonians

Discipleship - 1 Thessalonians

Dispensations - Revelation

Election - 1 Peter

Endurance - Galatians

Eschatology - Miracles

Faith - Hebrews

Foreknowledge - 1 Peter

Forgiveness - Philemon

Glorification - 1 Corinthians

Grace - Philemon

Holiness - 1 Corinthians

Holy Spirit - Titus

Hypostatic Union - Luke

Illumination - 2 Corinthians

Imminence - 2 Thessalonians

Imputation - Philemon

Inspiration - 2 Corinthians

Judgments - Revelation

Justification - Romans, Galatians

Kenosis - Philippians

Kingdom - Matthew

Mercy - Philemon

Millennial Kingdom - Revelation

Oneness in Christ - 2 Corinthians

Peace - Philemon

Pentecost - Acts

Predestination - 1 Peter

 

Propitiation - Romans

Rapture - 1 Thessalonians, Revelation

Redemption - Romans

Regeneration - Titus

Repentance - Revelation

Resurrections - 1 Corinthians

Righteousness - Philemon, Romans

Salvation - Romans

Sanctification - 1 Corinthians

Satan - Ephesians

Security - John’s Epistles

Separation - 1, 2 Corinthians

Sin - John’s Epistles

Substitution - Philemon

Theology - Romans

Tribulation - Revelation

Trinity - Ephesians

These are not all of the doctrines of Scripture. Nor do the explanations contained in these survey materials contain much detail. But, it is important that you understand the reasons behind what it is you believe. The example to follow is that provided about the Bereans in the book of Acts.

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These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so.
Acts 17:11

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Can you say the same about yourself?

Are you a student of Scripture?

 

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December 14, 2017

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