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Reconciliation, Justification, Adoption, Election, and Redemption

“Redemption,” then, is the process of purchasing our freedom from the power and control of sin. This purchase occurs at the Cross by the power of Christ’s blood.

1 Peter 1:18-19 (KJV)
18 Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers; 19 But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot:

There are actually six different words translated as “redeem” or “redemption” in the New Testament. They all carry the concept concept of freedom. This fits with the Old Testament idea of a ransom price. The redemption was gaal and the related noun was goel, translated "kinsman-redeemer." This is the role played by Boaz in freeing and marrying Ruth. The story of Boaz and Ruth presents a priceless picture of the work of redemption.

The kinsman-redeemer had to be a close relative, had to be willing to accept the responsibility of being the redeemer, and had to be able to pay the ransom price. The idea of being the redeemer could not be forced upon anyone, even under the Old Testament laws. The kinsman's act was totally voluntary.

Jesus is our relative – in His human form He is related to all of us as one of mankind. He voluntarily gave His life on the Cross as an act of loving obedience to God. And, by His blood, He paid the price that satisfied the wrath of God against sin. This act is referred to as propitiation in several verses of Scripture, signifying that Jesus was the perfect, satisfactory sacrifice. The concept of His being “satisfactory” points to His paying the ransom price.

Mark 10:45 (KJV)
45 For even the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.

These concepts, reconciliation, justification, adoption, election, and redemption, are all part of the initial salvation event of the sinner being born again or renew and regenerated. If there is an order to these events, the timing difference is so minute as to make them appear to all occur at the same instant in time, the instant when a believer accepts Jesus as Lord and Savior. While complete salvation is a process, these events are all part of the initial act of salvation and there is no distinguishable order to them.


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October 25, 2021

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